TPR : Total Physical Response
TPR is when children listen and follow a sequence of instructions. That is they do or mime what the teacher says. TPR works especially well with younger children and facilitates the acquisition of the language. As the children listen, they acclimatise to the new language. They also feel an attachment to it. This allows them to feel to need to communicate. When they feel the need to communicate, learning the necessary language is easier.
It is an excellent way to start using and combines all three learning styles – visual, auditory and kinaesthetic – the pupils must look, listen and do – to allow each pupil to learn in an indivividual manner.
In order for this to work effectively the teacher must :
- Tell the pupils what to do
- Use clear pronunciation and natural intonation
- Provide gestures and do the actions.
The pupils should :
- Listen carefully to the instructions
- Enjoy doing the actions
- Do actions individually or as a group
- Not speak (they often do)
- Understand because the words and movement go together.
TPR activities can be based on repetition and are an easy effective way of starting an English lesson or simply waking up a sleepy class.
TPR, comptines et rimes
TPR, actions (dire et faire)
the food train
Karine Duquet PE et Syzy Antoine, CPD LV Haute Saône
stage académique de personnes ressources LV 2004